Gemstones are not only precious stones but also considered auspicious to human beings. These are sacred as their references are found in almost all the Divine Books. Hindu mythology places special significance in Gemstones.
The gemology and numerology – the two important branches of spiritualism; mention use of birthstones in different form. The numerology calculates suitability of birthstones based on exact date of birth, complete name and Mothers name. While gemology takes into consideration the month of birth according to Georgian monthly calendar.
The historian believe the origin birthstones date back to the breastplate of Aaron (Hazrat Haroon – brother of Mosses). According to the Book of Exodus the priestly breastplate was a sacred breastplate worn by the high priest of the Jews. In the Biblical account, the breastplate was termed as the breastplate of judgment.
According to gemology Topaz (Pukhraj) is the birthstone of month of November.
The name “topaz” is usually derived (via Old French: Topace and Latin: Topazus) from the Greek Τοπάζιος (Τοpáziοs) or Τοπάζιον (Τοpáziοn), from Τοπαζος, the ancient name of St. John’s Island in the Red Sea which was difficult to find and from which a yellow stone (now believed to be chrysolite: yellowish olivine) was mined in ancient times; topaz itself (rather than topazios) was not really known before the classical era. Pliny said that Topazos is a legendary island in the Red Sea and the mineral “topaz” was first mined there. Alternatively, the word topaz may be related to the Sanskrit word तपस् “tapas”, meaning “heat” or “fire”.
The chief constituents of Topaz is
a silicate mineral of aluminium and fluorine with the chemical formula Al2SiO4(F,OH)2. Topaz crystallizes in the orthorhombic system, and its crystals are mostly prismatic terminated by pyramidal and other faces.
Pure topaz is colorless and transparent but is usually tinted by impurities; typical topaz is wine red, yellow, pale gray, reddish-orange, or blue brown. It can also be white, pale green, blue, gold, pink (rare), reddish-yellow or opaque to transparent/translucent. Imperial topaz is yellow, pink (rare, if natural) or pink-orange. Brazilian Imperial Topaz can often have a bright yellow to deep golden brown hue, sometimes even violet. Many brown or pale topazes are treated to make them bright yellow, gold, pink or violet colored. Some imperial topaz stones can fade on exposure to sunlight for an extended period of time. Mystic topaz is colorless topaz which has been artificially coated giving it the desired rainbow effect.
Topaz Healing Properties:
♥ Good Health
♥ Good Fortune
Topaz soothes, heals, stimulates, recharges, motivates and aligns the meridians of the body – directing energy to where it is needed most. It promotes truth and forgiveness. Topaz brings joy, generosity, abundance and good health. It is known as a stone of love and good fortune. Releases tension, inducing relaxation. Topaz promotes openness and honesty, self-realisation and self-control. It aids problem-solving and assists in expressing ideas. Stabilises the emotions, making you receptive to love from all sources.
Topaz aids digestion and combats eating disorders, such as anorexia and bulimia. It fortifies the nerves and stimulates the metabolism.
Topaz Treatment & Enhancements:
The color of Topaz is natural, and it is generally not treated or enhanced, though occasionally lighter colored stones may be dyed a deeper yellow.
Topaz crystals occur in highly acidic igneous rocks, such as rhyolite, and in metamorphic rocks.
It is also found as a constituent of pegmatite dykes and is often a by-product of mining for other gems such as beryl or metals like tungsten, columbium or lithium.
Topaz sources are distributed around the world. It is found in the gravel deposits along with other gemstones in Sri Lanka, Madagascar and Myanmar (formerly Burma), because of its hardness and specific gravity.
The most important source for topaz is the state of Minas Gerais in Brazil. Some topaz is also mined in the United States, in the Pala region of California, and in the Rocky Mountains.
Natural pink topaz is found in North Pakistan and Russia.
The world’s entire supply of imperial topaz is mined from two mines, the Vermelhao mine and the Capao mine, at Ouro Preto in Brazil, where some experts say the deposit will be exhausted very soon.
Pale topaz that can be enhanced to blue is found in Brazil, Sri Lanka, Nigeria, and China.
Other deposits are located in Australia, Japan, Mexico, South Africa, Scotland, Tasmania and Ireland.
Syed Tayyab Ali Shah
Gemologist GIA & CEO Ali Gems